50 Soal dan Jawaban (adverb Clause)


50 SOAL dan JAWABAN (ADVERB CLAUSE)

1. The test is so complicated …… many students can’t do it.

  1. because
  2. when
  3. since
  4. that
  5. as long as

2. We can’t do the test well ……. our teacher has not explained it yet.

  1. so
  2. as a result
  3. therefore
  4. as long as
  5. because

3. My motorcycle has beenstolen …. I haven’t locked it.

  1. because
  2. as a result
  3. provided that
  4. as long as
  5. therefore

4. My parents have lived in Malang …… I got a job there.

  1. because
  2. since
  3. therefore
  4. that’s why
  5. consequently

5. You may pick up some apples from my garden …. you ask for me.

  1. therefore
  2. since
  3. as long as
  4. as a result
  5. while

6. I switch the lamp on …. the room is dark.

  1. therefore
  2. that’s why
  3. because
  4. so
  5. if only

7. My glasses have been broken by my son …..I have to buy others.

  1. in order that
  2. so
  3. because
  4. when
  5. provided that

8. The students should submit their assignment ….. the bell rings.

  1. so
  2. as soon as
  3. therefore
  4. unless
  5. since

9. Please telephone me ….. you arrive your mother’s house.

  1. since
  2. as soon as
  3. so
  4. therefore
  5. as long as

10. The floor of this class room is clean now …. it has just been swept.

  1. as long as
  2. because
  3. therefore
  4. unless
  5. provided that

11. The book  written by Mr. Ryan is good …. many people buy it.

  1. as long as
  2. because
  3. that’s why
  4. provided that
  5. in order that

12. The room is very dark …. my mother switches the lamps on.

  1. because
  2. so
  3. in order that
  4. unless
  5. provided that

13. My brother was painting the wall of the house ….. I came there.

  1. because
  2. when
  3. as long as
  4. therefore
  5. so

14. It seems that today is going to rain …… it’s cloudy.

  1. before
  2. after
  3. because
  4. as long as
  5. that’s why

15. Be careful if you get into the jungle ….. many wild animals are there.

  1. because
  2. that’s why
  3. therefore
  4. on condition that
  5. therefore

16. Please, check your car …. you use it.

  1. before
  2. after
  3. because
  4. that’s why
  5. therefore

17. You must wash your motorcycle ….you use it.

  1. before
  2. after
  3. as long as
  4. because
  5. when

18. Please , don’t make a lot of noise ….. I explain the lesson.

  1. after
  2. before
  3. when
  4. unless
  5. therefore

19. Please, be patient ….you get a trouble in your life.

  1. as long as
  2. when
  3. while
  4. before
  5. after

20. I don’t remember …. I put my wallet.

  1. where
  2. if
  3. while
  4. as long as
  5. before

21. The chair must be repaired …. it is out of order.

  1. because
  2. in order to
  3. in order that
  4. therefore
  5. however

22. I save some money in bank ….. it is safe.

  1. because
  2. in order to
  3. in order that
  4. therefore
  5. that’s why

23. ….. Tony’s house is far from his office, he is never late to office.

  1. Therefore
  2. Because
  3. Although
  4. That’s why
  5. Provided that

24. ….. Joko stayed in Australia for 2 years, he can’t speak English.

  1. Therefore
  2. Although
  3. Because
  4. Provided that
  5. However

25. I didn’t come to your house yesterday ….. I was busy.

  1. therefore
  2. after
  3. because
  4. provided that
  5. as long as

26. Kartika has cut her hair  …. she looks more beautiful.

  1. because
  2. in order that
  3. therefore
  4. if
  5. unless

27. Rini was writing a letter in his room  …. I was cleaning windows.

  1. therefore
  2. because
  3. although
  4. while
  5. since

28. That car is a modern one …… it costs a lot of money.

  1. therefore
  2. in order that
  3. unless
  4. provided that
  5. as long as

29. Budi drives his car carefully …. he doesn’t get an accident.

  1. because
  2. therefore
  3. in order that
  4. unless
  5. when

30. It is raining today …. I bring an umbrella.

  1. because
  2. if
  3. so
  4. before
  5. however

31.  …. he is poor, he never complains about his life.

  1. because
  2. if
  3. so
  4. although
  5. however

32. Hartini drinks milk everyday … her body is not fat.

  1. although
  2. however
  3. because
  4. when
  5. unless

33. John is going to buy a new car …. he doesn’t need it much.

  1. however
  2. although
  3. since
  4. therefore
  5. while

34. The test is easy  …. many students can do it well.

  1. thats why
  2. because
  3. unless
  4. although
  5. however

35. She always smiles  …. she meets someone.

  1. unless
  2. whenever
  3. therefore
  4. because
  5. although

36. She always watches TV … she finishes studying.

  1. after
  2. while
  3. because
  4. unless
  5. provided that

37. Please, speak softly ….. my mother is sleeping.

  1. before
  2. because
  3. as long as
  4. on condition that
  5. therefore

38. The room is very hot ….. I can’t sleep well.

  1. so
  2. because
  3. while
  4. before
  5. since

39. Please, pray …..you go sleeping.

  1. before
  2. while
  3. after
  4. because
  5. unless

40. The river is very deep …. you must be careful when you swim there.

  1. before
  2. so
  3. consequently
  4. when
  5. however

41. The room is comfortable …. the students can study well.

  1. consequently
  2. in order that
  3. because
  4. when
  5. as long as

42. I always review all of my lessons  at home  …. I go to school.

  1. because
  2. in order that
  3. before
  4. when
  5. as long as

43. Many  people  cut trees in the forest ….. it can cause flood.

  1. although
  2. as a result
  3. even though
  4. as long as
  5. because

44. I drank milk and honey everyday …. I become healthy.

  1. because
  2. in order that
  3. although
  4. however
  5. as if

45. ……. the wave of the Atlantic ocean is dangerous, Alex wants to cross it

  1. Because
  2. Although
  3. However
  4. Provided that
  5. Unless

46. Bromo Mountain is ….. many people visit there.

  1. so beautiful
  2. so beautiful that
  3. such beautiful that
  4. such beautiful
  5. beautiful

47. I have ……. I need some teachers to help me.

  1. such many students
  2. so many students that
  3. such many students that
  4. so many students
  5. many students

48. The flowers in the garden look beautiful ….. I want to pick them.

  1. because
  2. therefore
  3. as soon as
  4. on condition that
  5. provided that

49. You may use your calculator …..  you want to use it.

  1. provided that
  2. if
  3. although
  4. therefore
  5. because

50. Please don’t touch this wire ….. it is dangerous.

  1. because
  2. therefore
  3. because of
  4. so
  5. consequently

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Adverbial Clauses


KINDS of ADVERBIAL CLAUSES :

Adverbial Clause of Time :

1. I will help you when  you need my help.
2. She was reading while I was listening to the radio.
3. I have lived in Solo since I was born.
4. She will be here until her mother comes.
5. I always close the door when I go to  sleep.
6. I had finished High School before I finished University.
7. After I finish my High School, I continue to University.
8. I always study whenever I have time.

Adverbial Clause of Place :

1.  I  teach where my friend studied  15 years ago.
2. Shinta buys a book where her sister works.
3. Toni takes English course where his brother teaches.
4. My cat follows me wherever I go.
5. Mother puts a glass of milk in which I put my book on.
6.  I lived where my parents lived.

Adverbial Clause of Manner :

1. John walks as if he was sick.
2. John walks as if he wanted to go to  toilet.
3. He loves me as if I was his sister.
4. You have to do it like I  told you.
5. Please , do it as I told you.
6. Please paint this house, as I did.

Adverbial Clause of Concession :

1. Although he is very short, he can run very fast.
2. Eventhough he graduated from Elemantary school, he 
   can speak 5 foreign languages.
3.Though he studies hard everyday, he never gets good 
   grades.
4. Although he works  night and day, he is still poor.
5. He always hurts her however she still loves him.
6.  Although she smokes 20 cigarettes a day, she seems
    quite healthy.
7. Although it rained a lot, we enjoyed our vacation.
8. I didn't get the job, though I had all the necessary
   qualification.
9.  Although thr traffic was bad, I arrived on time.
10. In spite of the traffic, I arrived on time.
11. I couldn't sleep although I was very tired.
12. I  couldn't sleep, despite being very tired.

Adverbial Clause of Reason :

1. As I was feeling tired, I went to be early.
2. As they live near us, we see him quite often
3. As tomorrow is a national holiday, all the stores will be
   closed.
4. As we had nothing better to do, we watched TV the
   whole evening.
5. I didn't attend the class yesterday because I was sick.
6. Rini was punished because she was late.
7. Since tomorrow is Sunday, we don't come to school.
8. Since you didn't invite me, I didn't come to your party.
9. I don't give you money for you don't help me.

Adverbial Clause of condition :


1. If you help me, I will give you some candies.
2. You may use my car as long as you return it tomorrow.
3. You may stay here provided that you help me.
4. You may study here on condition that you study hard.

Adverbial Clause of purpose :


1. I study hard so that my parents buy me a car.
2. Tony cuts his hair so that his teachers are not angry
with him.
3. I drive carefully so that I come safely.
4. I study hard in order that my parents buy me a car.
5. Tony cuts his hair in order that his teachers are not
angry with him.
6. I drive carefully in order that I come safely.

Adverbial Clause of result :


1. Kuta beach is so beautiful that many tourists come
there.
2. Kuta is such a beautiful beach that many people come
there.
3. I have so much money that I want to help the poor.
4. She has so many books that she wants give me some.
5. This test is difficult as a result I can’t do it.
6. This test is difficult so I can’t do it.

Adverbial Clause of Comparasion :

positive :

1. She speaks English as well as her teacher.
2. He can run as fast as Carl Lewis.
3. She is as beautiful as her mother was.
4. Her explanation is as clear as her teacher's

Comparative :

1. She speaks English better than her sister.
2. Heru can run faster than his brother.
3. English is more difficult than Indonesian.
4. Anita is more beautiful than her sister.

Superlative :

1. Semeru is the highest  mountain in Java.
2. The Solo river is the longest in Java.
3. English is the most interesting lesson in my school.
4. Kuta beach is the most beautiful beach in Bali.

EXPOSITION TEXT


What is an exposition?

An exposition is a piece of text that presents one side of an issue. The purpose of the exposition is to persuade the reader or listener by presenting one side of an argument, that is , the case or the case against.

Exposition texts can be in the form of :

1. advertisements

2. spoken arguments

3. editorials

Features of an exposition

CONSTRUCTING AN EXPOSITION

An exposition text usually has three sections. The first section introduces the author’s point of view and can preview arguments that may follow in the text. Next comes a series of arguments that aim to convince the audience. The final section is a conclusion that sum up the arguments and reinforces the author’s point of view.

THE ARRANGEMENT of  EXPOSITION

1. An introductory statement

1.1.The author’s point of view is called the thesis of the argument and this is given in the introduction.

1.2. The introduction can include a previews of the arguments that will follow in the next section of the text.

1.3. A question or emotional statement can be used to capture the audience’’ attention.

2. A series of arguments to convince the audienve

2.1. A new paragraph is used for each new argument.

2.2. Each new paragraph begins with a topic sentensce that introduces the argument.

2.3.Details supporting the argument follow the topic sentence.

2. 4.Emotive words are used to persuade the audience to believe the author.

3. A conclusion summing up the arguments

4. The author restates his or her thesis ( point of view)

5. A summary of what has been stated in the section above may  be included here.

EXAMPLE 1:

Why They Turn to the Sea

As the job opportunity is increasing limited on the land, more and more young man  are turning to the sea for a living. Some of them choose to work on a ship only after they have failed to get  a job. However, many young men actually would rather work on the sea than on land. In my opinion, there are several reasons that account for increasing interest in persuing maritime professions.

Firstly,our country is made up of many lands. We are surrounded by water. It is not surprising that many people have growm to love the sea. In order to be able to spend more time near the sea, they decide to work on it.  Many of them spend their whole lives on the water.

Secondly, the many school dropouts in the country as well as those young men who have just finished their education in school are looking for jobs  at the same time. Competition for jobs is therefore great. Many fail to get work in offce or factories, so these people turn to the sea as a last resort.

Thirdly, some young men face problem at home. They want to get as far away from these problems as possible. The sea becomes a popular means of escape.

Finally, young people are naturally advantageous. They love to explore new places. They enjoy the excitement that comes with this. By working on a ship, they are able to travel far and wide. Besides, food and lodging on board the ship are free. Thus , many young men are attracted to maritime profession.

EXAMPLE 2:

Television is the most popular form of entertainment in any household. But I think Television tends to have a tremendous influence on its viewers.

Firstly, based on the recent research, people of all ages use this medium to entertain themselves for an average of five hours a day.  Of course, constant exposure of TV will influence the viewers’ thinking and attitude. This can be seen from the fact that many criminals are inspired from the scene on TV.

Secondly, people can be  affected by constant watching television. This is due to the fact that they less in physical activities, spend less time reading and working and see a work of violence that can affect their own feelings of security.

Finally, comercial advertisement on TV can be a brain washing. Psychologically, constant show of advertisement will shape one’s image about one product. No wonder people are easier to remember the motto or slogan of one advertisement than to retrieve information that they have learned.

In short, TV will be a kind of monster can conquer one’s mind and attitude.

 

EXAMPLE 3

Cigarette smokers are said to have chance of getting various fatal diseases. But I think that other people’s tobacco smoke seems to increase the chances of non-smokers getting a wide range of cancers.

First , although passive smokers inhale less tobacco smoke, the researchers point out that the smoke they breathe in is richer in many toxic chemicals. There is an example, three times as much as benzo-apyrene, six times as much loluene and more than 50 times as much dimenthyl nitrosamine. Of course  these substances  will harm our body in the long run.

Second , the recent research reported that the risk of getting cancers not normally associated with smoking also rose among passive smokers. The risk of  leukaemia rose 6 – 8 times and the risk of cervical cancer increased 3 – 4 times.

Third , past studies have found that by product of cigarette smoke such as coinine and thiocynate, turn up in the blood, urine and saliva of non –smoking adults, children and fetuses that have been exposed to smokers.  These substances are the main  causes of various cancers.

In short , the effects of exposure to the cigarette smoking of others are greater than has been previously suspected. That is why passive smokers  have more chances of contracting cancer than people with no such expose.