ADVERBS

ADVERBS

ADVERBS:=>>
=>>1. always, eventually, lately, recently, now, soon, then, today,tomorrow, etc
=>>2. late, yet, still, just, immediately
<->Adverbs in group 1 are normally placed at the very beginning or at the very end of a clause or a sentence.    ->1. He is coming tomorrow.
->2. He is working now.
->3. Eventually it stopped raining.
->4. Then he went home.
“late” and “immediately” come at the end  of the clause sentence
->1. He came late.
->2. He will go immediately.
But when “immediately”  is used as a conjunction and
introduces a clause, it can be placed at the beginning of a sentence :
->Immediately the rain stops, we will set out
“yet” and “still” used as adverbs of time, have slightly different position rules, yest should be placed at the end of a sentence , “still” is usually placed before the verb, though after the verb “to be” :

->1. I still dislike him.
->2. She is still in her bath.
note : the difference in meaning :
“yet” means up to the time of speaking. It is chiefly used with the negative or interrogative. It is not normally used with the affirmative :
1. He left home at six and hasn’t returned yet.
2. The shop isn’t opened yet.
3. Aren’t you ready yet?

KINDS of ADVERB
There are 8 kinds of adverbs
1. of manner  : quickly, bravely, happily, hard, fast
2. of Place : here, there, up , down near, by
3. of time  : now, soon, yet, still, then, today
4. of frequency : twice, often, never, always, occationally
5. of certainty : certainly, surely, definitely, obviously
6. of degree  : very, fairly, rather, quite, too, hardly    7. interrogative  : when, where, why
8. relative  : when, where, why
The formation of adverbs from adjectives
Most adverbs of manner and some adverbs of degree are formed
by adding  ly.
slow –  slowly,  quick –  quickly ,   immediate – immediately
spelling notes :
1. A final  y changes to  i  : gay  – gaily
2. A final e  is retained  : etreme  – extremely
exceptions : true, due, whole, become truly, duly, wholly
3. Adjectives ending in able / ible drop the final e and add ly :
4. Adjective ending in a vowel + l follow the usual rule and add  ly
final – finally,  beautiful – beautifully
Exceptions :
1. The adverb of good is well.
2. friendly, likely, lonely, lowly,  lovely have no adverb form.
To supply this deficiency we use a similar adverb or adverb     phrase:
->friendly ( adj )    -> in a friendly way ( adv )    ->likely ( adj )      -> probably ( adv )
3.  high ,  low, deep, near, far, hard, early, late, much, little, direct,  straight, pretty, wrong, kindly, enough can be used
as adjectives or adverbs :
4. The forms  highly, lowly, nearly, lately, hardly, directly,
wrongly exist, but have a narrower meaning than their corresponding adjectives.
“highly” is used only in abstract sense :
He was highly placed = he had an important office.
deeply is used chiefly in an emotional sense :
He was deeply hurt = his feeling is  very much hurt.
directly = soon
He’ll be here directly ( soon )
wrongly is most often used with a past participle :
You were wrongly informed.

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