EXERCISES ON READING AND GRAMMAR 2

TEXT 1

When a young reporter interviews a senior journalist, there is a fear the latter will quickly recognize his or her weaknesses.
CNN’s senior international correspondent Nic Robertson, however, removed the fear as he appeared to be nice and friendly.
Based on CNN’s London bureau, the 41 years old British man joined the news network in 1991. And since then has been involved in some of the most significant news stories around the world.
He has followed events in Bosnia, Haiti, Rwanda, Afghanistan, and most recently, the war in Iraq. He reported in Baghdad since autumn in 2002 until he was expelled from Iraq, but returned immediately after Baghdad fell to the coalition forces.

1. The text mainly tells us about …..
A. an interview by a young reporter.
B. CNN’s senior International correspondent Nic Robertson.
C. a British man joining the news network in 1991.
D. the most significant news stories around the world.
E. a reporter following events in Bosnia, Haiti, Rwanda, and Afghanistan

2. The main idea of paragraph 2 is …
A. Nic Robertson is a senior reporter.
B. Nic Robertson is one of CNN’s Correspondents.
C. A young reporter removed Nic Robertson’s fear.
D. A reporter should be nice and friendly in interviewing Nic Robertson.
E. Nic Robertson’s friendliness makes young reporter fearless.

3. Based on the text , Nic Robertson ….
A. reported the war in Iraq
B. is a young international reporter
C. comes from Bosnia
D. is afraid of being in a war
E. joined news network last year

4. “ …. in some of the most significant news stories around the world.”
(paragraph 3 )
The underlined word means ……
A. current
B. popular
C. exclusive
D. important
E. interesting

5. Which statement is not true?
A. Nic Robertson is a senior
Journalist.
B. Nic Robertson’s office is in
London.
C. Nic Robertson has been abroad
often.
D. Nic Robertson is the
Interviewer.
E. Nic Robertson is nice and friendly

TEXT 2

The Greek word “tele” means far off. Telecommunications refer to long distance communications by radio, telegraph, telephone, and television. Most of today ‘s long – distance communications are electronics.
Telecommunication is very fast because the sound and picture signal travel as electric currents along wires, radio waves through the air and space, or light waves along glass fiber. Radio waves and signals travel almost as fast. Telephone and radio networks use communication satellite orbiting in space high above the earth.
Telecommunication system is any set of device and technique employed for the long-distance transmission of voice, facsimile, data, teleprinter, or television signals. All telecommunication system operated according to the same basic principles. They differ from each other mainly in the specific types of information handled and the media over which they are transmitted.
Familiar examples of such system are radios, television, telephones, telegraphs, and computer based data exchange or retrieval system. In most cases, telecommunication system transmit information via wire, radio or space satellite.

6. Telecommunication is very fast
because …………..
A. The information is transmitted
distance places.
B. The long distance communication is electronic.
C. The sound and picture signals travel like electric currents.
D. The communication satellites are orbiting in a space high above the earth.
E. All systems are operated according to the same basic principles.

7. Which statement is true ?
A. Telephone networks are
exchanging data.
B. Telephone enables us to make
Worldwide communication.
C. Telecommunication is just
signaling information.
D. Telephone meet you with
someone far away
E. Radio networks transmit sound and picture.

8. The topic of the second paragraph
…….
A.Reasons why telecommunication
is very fast.
B.How radio waves and signals
travel.
C.The use of telecommunication
satellite.
D.How the sound and picture travel
E. How the satellite orbits in space.

9. The word “System” ( par3 line 13 )
A. device
B. way
C. structure
D. network
E. arrangement

10. The word “transmit” (par3 line 18)
means ………
A. receive
B. broadcast
C. send
D. produce
E. operate

TEXT 3

Irrigation is watering of land by artificial methods. It provides water of growth in areas that have long periods of little or no rainfall. The water used for irrigation is taken from lakes, rivers, stream and wells.
In the mid- 1980s, about 220 million hectares of land were under irrigation through out the world. This included about 17,700,000 hectares in Australia, the world’s driest continent.
The amount of water needed for farming varies with the type of crop and the climate. For example, rice requires more water than wheat that grows an a cool climate. Any from land must receive enough water to allow both for plants growth and for the evaporation of water from the soil.
In some countries, more water is used for irrigation than for any other purposes. Water conservation and irrigation schemes may be vitally important to a country’s food and agriculture production. As the world population grows , the demand for water increases steadily. More and more people need water in their homes, and industry must have additional water as production rises.
Irrigation requires large supplies of fresh ( unsalted ) water. The two main sources of fresh water are surface water and ground water. Surface water is water on the surface of the earth such as in a stream, river, and lake. Ground water is stored water on the earth’s surface in space between rock, grains of sand and other substances in soil.

11. What is meant by irrigation?
Irrigation is ………………
A. Watering of land naturally
B. Rainfall, lakes, rivers, stream,
and wells
C. Watering of land by artificial
methods
D. The evaporation of water from
the soil.
E. The amount of water needed
farming

12. For what water conservation and
Irrigation is badly needed?
A. Australia, the world’s driest
continent
B. 220 million hectares of land
C. a cool climate
D. 17,700,000 hectares of land
E. a country’s food and agricultural production

13. “It provides water for plant
growth in areas that have long periods of little or no rain fall.”
Those underlined words refer to ……
A. artificial methods – irrigation
B. irrigation – plant growth
C. water – irrigation
D. irrigation – areas
E. water – areas

14. The water that is stored deep in the
ground is ……..
A. lakes
B. streams
C. wells
D. surface water
E. ground water

15. The following are the advantages
irrigation except ………
A. supply water for plant growth
B. store water in the rainy season
and release it in the dry season
C. sport
D. recreation
E. drinking

TEXT 4

United Nation ( U. N ) is an organization of 159 nations that work for world peace and security and betterment of humanity. Countries of every part of the world belong to the UN. Each member nation sends representatives to UN headquarter in New York City, where they discuss and try to solve the problems.
The United nations has two main goals: peace and human dignity. If dispute rises between member countries, the UN will prevent them from starting again. But the UN tries above all to deal with problems and dispute before they lead to fighting. It seeks the causes of war and tries to find ways to eliminate them.
The United Nations has met with both success and failure in its work. It has been able to keep some disputes from developing into major wars. It has also helped people in many parts of the world gain their doing a completely effective job of peace-keeping. Serious financial troubles also weaken the UN.
The United Nations was established on Oct 24, 1945, shortly after World war II. As the war drew to an end , the nations that opposed Germany, Italy, and Japan decided that such a war must never happen again. Representatives of these nations met in San Francisco in April 1945, and 50 nations signed the UN charter. They were the first UN members, since then , more than 100 other nations have joined.

16. October 24th, 2001 is the …..
Anniversary of the United Nations.
A. fifty two
B. fifty three
C. fifty four
D. fifty five
E. fifty six

17. What is the other goal of the UN
besides peace and security?
A. justice
B. freedom
C. welfare
D. humanity
E. prosperity

18. Which statement is not correct
according to the text?
A. The UN always succeeds in job
B. The UN always tries to avoid fighting
C. Representative are sent by the members
D. After the world war II the UN was established
E. The serious financial troubles also weaken the UN

19. Paragraph one tells us about …
A. the goals of the UN
B. the definition of the UN
C. The establishment of the UN
D. The achievement of the UN
E. The role of the representatives
20. The UN seeks the causes of
war and tries to find ways to
eliminate them. The synonym
of the underlined word is ……
A. create
B. lessen
C. increase
D. enlarge
E. strengthen

21. X : Two years ago there was an
old statue in front of this
building.
Y : well, it ….. before the
Japanese soldiers arrived.
A. hides
B. is hidden
C. had been hidden
D. is being hidden
E. has been hidden

22. X : Oh dear ! I forgot to bring
my dictionary
Y : That is all right. I …. you
mine.
A. I am lending
B. Will lend
C. Am going to lend
D. Will be lending
E. Lend

23. X : Which one is John’s aunt?
Y : The woman ….. with Mrs.
Ida.
A. talking
B. she’s talking
C. that talking
D. who she’s talking
E. talks

24. Arrange the following utterances
To make a good dialogue between Tom and Romi.
1. Yes, I’m quite sure it will
2. Do you have any plan to do today?
3. How about going to the landmark building? There’s an agricultural machinery exhibition there
4. That’s a good idea . I agree with you , but are you sure . it will be interesting for us.
5. If so, let’s go now
6. No, why?

The right arrangement is ………..
A. 1 – 6 – 3 – 4 – 2 – 5
B. 3 – 4 – 5 – 6 – 1 – 2
C. 6 – 5 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 4
D. 4 – 3 – 2 – 6 – 5 – 1
E. 2 – 6 – 3 – 4 – 1 – 5

25. X : I’ll meet you outside your
office this evening …… your
work by the time I arrive
there?
Y : Of course

A. Will you finish
B. Did you finish
C. Had you finished
D. Have you finished
E. Will you have finished

26. Farid : Tina, I think you can
the problem.
Tina : What? Lusi, What did
Farid say?
Lusi : He said that ……. solve
The problem
A. He thought you could
B. What? Lusi, What did Farid
say?
C. Had you finished
D. he thought I could
E. he thought I can

27. Irma : I have two free tickets for
the concert. Will you
accompany me?
Tina : Oh, that’s great
A. an agreement
B. a gratitude
C. an invitation
D. an opinion
E. a permission

28. Mega : Let’s join the club and
And practice our English
Doni : …. but I’m busy

A. I am afraid
B. I’d love to
C. I avoid to
D. I don’t like it
E. I’m not confident

29. Andri : I know you are really
interested in arts. Lets
go to the National
Museum next Monday.
Dewi : That sounds interesting,
but I am afraid we can’t.
the museum ……. new.
A. renovated
B. is renovated
C. will be renovated
D. is being renovated
E. has been renovated

30. X : ….. your camera?
Y : Sorry, I’m going to use it
for wedding reception.
A. Will I borrow
B. Hi, lend me
C. Shall I borrow
D. Do you mind if I borrow
E. Miss, show me

31. X : Are you going to college after
high school?
Y : Yes, I’m ….. to study
Economics.
A. planning
B. liking
C. thinking
D. dreaming
E. promising

32. Ria : It’s breaktime ….. .. a cup of
hot tea?
Yudi : That would be very nice of
You.
A. Shall I have
B. May you get me
C. May I offer help to get
D. Could you help me to get
E. Would you like me to get you

33. smokers are requested not to
smoke in a non smoking room.
Their cigarette smoke …. ruins
the fresh air is very dangerous.
A. who
B. whom
C. which
D. whose
E. in which

34. X : Have you submitted our
work to Mr. Anton?
Y : Not yet. He ……. his
office when I came.
A. leaves
B. left
C. would leave
D. has left
E. had left

35. My motorcycle is broken and
I don’t know to repair it. I will
……….
A. ask someone repair it
B. have someone repair it
C. have it repair
D. have someone repaired
E. get it repair

36. Edi : Did you follow the
English speech contest?
Eni : If my English had been
good, I would have
joined it.
From the dialogue, we know
that …….
A. Eni, wanted to join the
speech contest.
B. Eni’s English was poor.
C. Eni would study English
seriously.
D. Eni has joined the speech
Contest.
E. Eni’s English was good.

37. “ Would you go out with us
tonight?”
“ I would rather ….. home.”
A. stay
B. stayed
C. to stay
D. staying
E. that I stay

38. “ Is there a job vacancy in this
office?”
“ We had one but it …. a week
ago.”
A. filled
B. was filling
C. has filled
D. was filled
E. had filled

39. Anto : How can we put out
fire?
Eni : with water
What did Anto want to know?
He wanted to know how …..
A. he can put out fire
B. he could put out fire
C. they could put out fire
D. could we put out fire
E. she can put out fire

40. “Why don’t you buy that
jacket?”
“ I would if I …. enough
money with me.”
A. have
B. had
C. was having
D. will have
E. would have

41. “ I ‘m sorry I can’t go to the
movies with you. I have a
headache?’
“ ……. I hope you will be better
soon.”
A. have a good time
B. the same to you
C. that’s nice
D. I’m glad to hear it
E. That’s too bad

42. What present do you want
on your birthday, a computer or hand phone?

“If I should choose, I ….. a
computer to hand phone.”
A. like
B. prefer
C. would prefer
D. would rather
E. would like

43. When William approaches the
front door, every body should
hide away, …….. we can
surprise him O K?
A. because
B. so that
C. or else
D. since
E. as long as

44. “Will you come to my party
next Saturday night?”
“Sorry, ……………. by then.”
A. I am going to Bali
B. I will have been in Bali
C. I have been in Bali
D. I will be in Bali
E. I was in Bali

45. “Why is Tina angry?
“The teacher made her ……. the verbs”
A. memorize
B. to memorize
C. memorizes
D. memorizing
E. memorized

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