KINDS and AGREEMENT :
The main kinds of Adjectives are :
1. of quality
Adjectives in English have only one form, which is used with
singular and plural, masculine and famine nouns :
a good boy, good boys
a good girl, good girls
The only exceptions are demonstrative adjectives this and
that which change to these and those before plural nouns :
this cat these cats
that man those men
Position of adjectives and use of and
Adjectives in English usually come before their nouns :
a big town ,a blue car, an interesting book
When there are two or more adjectives before a noun they
not usually separated by and except when the last two are
adjectives of color :
a big square box, a tall young man
six yellow roses ,a black and white cap
a red, white and blue flag
Adjectives of quality, however can be placed after the verbs
be, seem, appear, look and is then placed between the last
two adjectives :
The house looked large and inconvenient.
The weather was cold, wet and windy.
There are three degrees of comparison :
1. Positive dark tall useful
2. Comparative darker taller more useful
3. Superlative the darkest the tallest the most useful
One-syllable adjectives form their comparative and
superlative adding er and est to the positive form :
bright brighter the brightest
new newer the newest
Adjectives of two syllables follow one or other of the
Those ending in ful usually take more and the most :
doubtful more doubtful the most doubtful
careful more careful the most careful
Those ending in er, y or ly usually add er, est :
pretty prettier the prettiest
holy holier the holiest
clever cleverer the cleverest
Adjectives of three or more syllables to form their
comparative and superlative by putting more and
the most before the positive :
interesting more interesting the most interesting
frightening more frightening the most frightening
irregular comparisons :
good better the best
bad worse the worst
little less the least
many more the most
much more the most
far further the furthest ( of distance and time )
farther the farthest ( distance only )
old older the older ( of people and things )
elder the eldest ( of people )
CONSTRUCTIONS WITH COMPARISONS :
as …… as
not as …… as
not so ….. as
1. A boy of sixteen is often as tall as his father.
2. Your coffee is not as/ so good as the coffee my
Comparative : We use “than”
a. The new tower blocks are much higher than the old buildings
b. He makes fewer mistakes than you ( do ).
Superlative : the …. in / of comparison of three or more people / things.
a. This is the oldest theatre in London.
b. Semeru is the highest mountain in East Java.
We can also use a relative clause. A perfect tense is especially useful.
1. It/This is the least attractive of all the houses I have seen.
2. It/This the best beer that I have ever drunk.
3. It/This is the most exciting book (that) I have ever read.
4. It/This was the worst film that I had ever seen.
5. He is the kindest man who I have ever met.
6. It was the most worrying day he had ever spent.
We can express the same idea with never and a comparative :
1. I have never drunk better beer.
2. I have never met a kinder man.
3. He had never spent a more worrying day.
Parallel increase : is expressed by
The + Comparative …… The + Comparative
House Agent : Do you want a big house?
Wife : the bigger the better
Husband : I don’t agree. The smaller the house the
less it will cost.
Gradual increase or decrease is expressed by two
comparatives joined by and :
1. The weather is getting colder and colder.
2 .He become less and less interested.
Adjectives of quality used as nouns
good/bad, poor/rich, healthy/sick, young/old, living/dead can
be preceded by the and used as nouns. This nouns represent
a class of person.
1. The poor people
The poor are often generous to each other.
2. The dead = dead people
After the battle they buried the dead.
Adjectives of quality with pronoun one / ones
1. I like those pencils, I’ll take a blue one.
2. Small bananas are often better than big ones.