KINDS of ADVERB
There are 8 kinds of adverbs
1. of manner : happily,quickly, bravely, happily, hard, fast
2. of Place : here, there, up , down, near, by, in the class
3. of time : now, soon, yet, still, then, today, tomorrow, yesterday
4. of frequency : twice, often, never, always, occasionally
5. of certainty : certainly, surely, definitely, obviously
6. of degree : very, fairly, rather, quite, too, hardly
7. interrogative : when, where, why,how, how many
8. relative : when, where, why
The formation of adverbs from adjectives
Most adverbs of manner and some adverbs of degree are formed
by adding ly.
slow – slowly, quick – quickly , immediate – immediately
spelling notes :
1. A final y changes to i : gay – gaily
2. A final e is retained : extreme – extremely
exceptions : true, due, whole, become truly, duly, wholly
3. Adjectives ending in able / ible drop the final e and add ly :
4. Adjective ending in a vowel + l follow the usual rule and add
final – finally, beautiful – beautifully
1. The adverb of good is well.
2. friendly, likely, lonely, lowly, lovely have no adverb form.
To supply this deficiency we use a similar adverb or adverb phrase :
friendly ( adj ) in a friendly way ( adv )
likely ( adj ) probably ( adv )
3. high , low, deep, near, far, hard, early, late, much, little
direct, straight, pretty, wrong, kindly, enough can be used
as adjectives or adverbs :
4. The forms highly, lowly, nearly, lately, hardly, directly,
wrongly exist, but have a narrower meaning than their
highly is used only in abstract sense :
He was highly placed = he had an important office.
deeply is used chiefly in an emotional sense :
He was deeply hurt = his feeling is very much hurt.
directly = soon
He’ll be here directly ( soon )
wrongly is most often used with a past participle :
You were wrongly informed.