There are 8 kinds of adverbs

1. of manner : happily,quickly, bravely, happily, hard, fast
2. of Place : here, there, up , down, near, by, in the class
3. of time : now, soon, yet, still, then, today, tomorrow, yesterday
4. of frequency : twice, often, never, always, occasionally
5. of certainty : certainly, surely, definitely, obviously
6. of degree : very, fairly, rather, quite, too, hardly
7. interrogative : when, where, why,how, how many
8. relative : when, where, why

The formation of adverbs from adjectives

Most adverbs of manner and some adverbs of degree are formed
by adding ly.

slow – slowly, quick – quickly , immediate – immediately

spelling notes :

1. A final y changes to i : gay – gaily
2. A final e is retained : extreme – extremely

exceptions : true, due, whole, become truly, duly, wholly

3. Adjectives ending in able / ible drop the final e and add ly :

4. Adjective ending in a vowel + l follow the usual rule and add
final – finally, beautiful – beautifully

Exceptions :
1. The adverb of good is well.
2. friendly, likely, lonely, lowly, lovely have no adverb form.
To supply this deficiency we use a similar adverb or adverb phrase :

friendly ( adj ) in a friendly way ( adv )

likely ( adj ) probably ( adv )

3. high , low, deep, near, far, hard, early, late, much, little
direct, straight, pretty, wrong, kindly, enough can be used
as adjectives or adverbs :

4. The forms highly, lowly, nearly, lately, hardly, directly,
wrongly exist, but have a narrower meaning than their
corresponding adjectives.

highly is used only in abstract sense :

He was highly placed = he had an important office.

deeply is used chiefly in an emotional sense :

He was deeply hurt = his feeling is very much hurt.

directly = soon

He’ll be here directly ( soon )

wrongly is most often used with a past participle :

You were wrongly informed.


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