1. Many and Much ( adjectives and pronouns )
Many is used before Countable Nouns.
Much is used before Uncountable Nouns.
1. He didn’t make many mistakes. ( adj )
2. We haven’t much milk. ( adj )
3. Tom gets lots of letters but Ann doesn’t get many. ( pron )
4. You have plenty of petrol but I haven’t much. ( pron )
Much and many are used mainly in the negative and
“Many” is usually replaced by a lot of
A lot of can also be used in the interrogative.
“Much” is usually replaced by a lot of or a great deal of
A lot of / a great deal of can also be used in the interrogative.
but both these expression expect an affirmative answer.
2. many and a lot of
Did you take many / a lot of photos?
No, I didn’t take many ( photos )
Yes, I took a lot of ( photos )
You can use many in affirmative sentence if preceded by
a great / a good / so / too :
1. I took a great many photos.
2. I took a good many photos.
3. I took so many photos.
4. I took too many photos the first day.
3. MUCH and A LOT of / A GREAT DEAL of
Did you have much / a lot of / a great deal of trouble
Yes, I had a lot of / a great deal of trouble.
but much is possible when qualified by so.
He ate so much at lunch that he was sleepy afterwards.
4. Little / few / a little / a few
a little / little are used before uncountable nouns.
a little time / little time.
a few / few are used before countable nouns.
a few friends / few friends
only placed before a little / a few emphasizes that the
number really is small in the speaker opinion.