PAST TENSE

SIMPLE PAST TENSE

SIMPLE PAST is used for past actions.

Time Signals : yesterday, last week, last month, last year,last Monday, last Friday, last Summer, etc
Verb 2 : positive form
Verb 1 : negative and interrogative forms.
Auxiliary : did for negative and interrogative sentences.
don’t forget to use NOT for negative sentence.
For example : positive
S + V2 + O + Time Signal
1. I studied English yesterday.
2. I bought a book last week.
3. I spoke English yesterday.
For example : negative
S + did not + V1 + O + Time Signal
1. I did not study English yesterday.
2. I did not buy a book last week.
3. I did not speak English yesterday.
For example : interrogative
Did + S + V1 + O + Time Signal
1. Did you study English yesterday?
2. Did you buy a book last week?
3. Did you speak English yesterday?

PAST TENSE is used for past existence

For example : positive
S + was / were + Noun / Adj / Adv
1. I was a student last year.
2. She was a teacher last month.
3. They were happy yesterday.
4. You were lazy last semester.
5. Tina was here yesterday.
6. Susi was in the market 5 minutes ago.
For example : negative
S + was / were + not + Noun / Adj/ Adv
1. I was not a teacher last year.
2. She was not a doctor last month.
3. They were not happy last month.
4. You were not lazy last semester.
5. Tina was not in Malang yesterday.
6. Susi was not in the class 5 minutes ago.
For example : interrogative
1. Was she a teacher last year?
2. Was he a doctor last month?
3. Were they happy last month?
4. Were they lazy last semester?
5. Was Tina in Malang yesterday?
6. Was Susi in the class 5 minutes ago?

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